EPACHA Foundation - All Rights Reserved

© 2023 by Closet Confidential. Proudly created with Wix.com    

  • b-facebook
  • Twitter Round
  • Instagram Black Round

EPACHA Foundation Proudly Celebrates

The Life and Legacy of

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

January 15, 1929 - April 4, 1968

A Historic King:  An Eternal Legacy for America,

the World and . . .

All of Humanity!

Martin Luther King, Jr. Biography

Clergyman, Civil Rights Leader and . . .

Invaluably, so much more!

Dr. King's Biography is Courtesy of,

“Non-violence is a powerful and just

weapon which cuts without

wounding and ennobles the

man who wields it.”

Courtesy, Library of Congress - https://www.loc.gov/

library_of_congress_2018_logo.png

"Martin Luther King, Jr. was born in

Atlanta, Georgia, the son of a Baptist

minister. He completed his formal

education with degrees from

Morehouse College, Crozier

Theological Seminary and

Boston University (Ph. D. in

Systematic Theology, 1955).

While serving as pastor of the

Dexter Avenue Baptist Church

in Montgomery, Alabama, he led

the boycott which resulted in the

desegregation of that city’s bus system.

His resolve in the face of threats to his

safety as well as that of his family,

his conviction that . . .

“injustice anywhere is

a threat

to justice everywhere,”

and his ability to write and speak

with extraordinary power and

clarity brought him to national

prominence as a leader of the

movement to achieve racial

justice in America.

He studied the writings and example of

Mohandas K. Gandhi in India

who powerfully influenced

his philosophy of non-violence.

When he accepted the

Nobel Peace Prize in 1964,

King said:

“Non-violence is not sterile

passivity,

but a powerful moral

force which makes

for social transformation.”

Like Gandhi, King also understood

the strategic value of non-violence

“We have neither the techniques

nor the numbers to win a

violent campaign.”

His commitment to non-violence

led him to oppose the American

war in Viet Nam.

Like Henry David Thoreau, Dr. King

believed in the necessity of resisting

unjust laws with civil disobedience.

As a leader of many demonstrations

in support of the rights of

African-Americans, he

was subject to frequent

arrest and imprisonment. His

Letters from a Birmingham Jail (1963)

was a call to conscience directed primarily

at American religious leaders.

When a fellow civil rights worker

was killed after the 1965 march from

Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, King said:

“If physical death is the price that

some must pay to save us and

our white brothers from

eternal death of the spirit

then

no sacrifice could be

more redemptive.”

Martin Luther King’s own redemptive

sacrifice was exacted by an

assassin’s bullets on

April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee.

"I Have a Dream" Speech

The following speech was given by Dr. King on August 28, 1963

from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial during the

March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom,

a defining moment of the

American Civil Rights Movement.

Video Courtesy, LogistiKHD

"I am happy to join with you today

in what will go down in history

as the greatest demonstration

for freedom

in the history of our nation."

"Five score years ago, a great American, in

whose  symbolic shadow we stand today,

signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This

momentous  decree  came  as  a  great  beacon

light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had

been seared in the flames of withering injustice.

It came as a joyous daybreak to end the

long night of their captivity.

But one hundred years later, the Negro still

is not free. One hundred years later, the life of

the Negro is still sadly crippled by the

manacles of segregation and the chains of

discrimination. One hundred years later,

the Negro lives on a lonely island of

poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of

material prosperity. One hundred years later,

the Negro is still languishing in the corners of

American society and finds himself an exile in

his own land. So we have come here today to

dramatize a shameful condition.

In a sense we have come to our nation's capital

to cash a check. When the architects of

our republic wrote the magnificent words 

of the Constitution

and the

Declaration of Independence,

they were signing a promissory note to which

every American was to fall heir.

This note was a promise that all men, yes,

black men as well as white men,

would be

guaranteed the unalienable

rights of life,

liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

It is obvious today that America has defaulted

on this promissory note insofar as her citizens

of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this

sacred obligation, America has given the Negro

people a bad check, a check which has come

back marked "insufficient funds."

But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is

bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are

insufficient funds in the great vaults of

opportunity of this nation. So we

have come to cash this check —

a check that will give us upon demand the

riches of freedom and the security of justice.

We have also come to this hallowed spot

to remind America of the fierce urgency

of now. This is no time to engage in the luxury

of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of

gradualism. Now is the time to make real

the promises of democracy. Now is the

time to rise from the dark and desolate

valley of segregation to the

sunlit path of racial justice.

Now is the time to lift our nation from

the quick sands of racial injustice to the

solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the

time to make justice a reality

for all of God's children.

It would be fatal for the nation to overlook

the urgency of the moment. This sweltering

summer of the Negro's legitimate discontent

will not pass until there is an invigorating

autumn of freedom and equality.

Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a

beginning. Those who hope that the

Negro needed to blow off steam and will

now be content will have a rude awakening

if the nation returns to business as usual.

There will be neither rest nor tranquility

in America until the Negro is granted

his citizenship rights.

The whirlwinds of revolt will continue

to shake the foundations of our nation until

the bright day of justice emerges. But there

is something that I must say to my people

who stand on the warm threshold

which leads into the palace of justice.

In the process of gaining our rightful

place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds.

 

Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by

drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.

We must forever conduct our struggle on the

high plane of dignity and discipline. We

must not allow our creative protest to

degenerate into physical violence.

Again and again we must rise to the

majestic heights of meeting physical

force with soul force. The marvelous new

militancy which has engulfed the Negro

community must not lead us to a distrust

of all white people, for many of our

white brothers, as evidenced by

their presence here today, have

come to realize that their

destiny is tied up with our destiny.

They have come to realize that their

freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom.

We cannot walk alone.

As we walk, we must make the pledge that

we shall always march ahead. We cannot

turn back. There are those who are

asking the devotees of civil rights,

"When will you be satisfied?"

We can never be satisfied as long as

the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable

horrors of police brutality. We can never be

satisfied, as long as our bodies, heavy

with the fatigue of travel, cannot

gain lodging in the motels of the

highways and the hotels of the cities.

We cannot be satisfied as long as the Negro's

basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger

one. We can never be satisfied as long as our

children are stripped of their selfhood and

robbed of their dignity

by signs stating "For Whites Only".

We cannot be satisfied as long as a Negro in

Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in

New York believes he has nothing for which to

vote.  No, no, we are not satisfied, and we

will not be satisfied until justice rolls

down like waters and

righteousness like a mighty stream.

I am not unmindful that some of you have

come here out of great trials and tribulations.

 

Some of you have come fresh from narrow

jail cells. Some of you have come from

areas where your quest for freedom

left you battered by the storms of

persecution and staggered by

the winds of police brutality.

You have been the veterans of creative suffering.

Continue to work with the faith that unearned

suffering is redemptive.

Go back to Mississippi, go back to Alabama,

go back to South Carolina, go back to Georgia,

go back to Louisiana, go back to the slums

and ghettos of our northern cities,

knowing that somehow this

situation can and will be changed.

Let us not wallow in the valley of despair.

I say to you today, my friends, so even though

we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow,

I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply

rooted in the American dream.

I have a dream that one day

this nation will

rise up and live out the true

meaning of its creed:

 

"We hold these truths to be self-evident:

that all men are created equal."

I have a dream that one day on the red hills

of Georgia the sons of former slaves

and the sons of former slave

owners will be able to sit down

together at the table of brotherhood.

I have a dream that one day even the state

of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the

heat  of  injustice, sweltering  with  the  heat

of oppression, will be transformed into an

oasis of freedom and justice.

I have a dream that my four little children

will one day live in a nation where they

will not be judged

by the color of their skin

but by the content of their character.

I have a dream today.

I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama,

with its vicious racists, with its governor

having his lips dripping with the

words of interposition and nullification;

one day right there in Alabama,

little black boys and black girls will be able

to join hands with little white boys and

white girls as sisters and brothers.

I have a dream today.

I have a dream that one day every valley

shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall

be made low, the rough places will be made plain,

and  the crooked places will be made  straight,

and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed,

and all flesh shall see it together.

This is our hope. This is the faith that I go

back to the South with. With this faith

we will be able to hew out of the mountain

of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we

will be able to transform the jangling

discords of our nation into

a beautiful symphony of brotherhood.

With this faith we will be able to work together,

to pray together, to struggle together,

to go to jail together, to stand up for

freedom together, knowing that we will

be free one day.

This will be the day when all of God's children

will be able to sing with a new meaning,

 

"My country, 'tis of thee, sweet land of liberty,

of thee I sing. Land where my fathers died,

land of the pilgrim's pride, from every

mountainside, let freedom ring."

And if America is to be a great nation

this must become true.

So let freedom ring from the

prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire.

Let freedom ring from the mighty

mountains of New York.

Let freedom ring from the heightening

Alleghenies of Pennsylvania!

Let freedom ring from the snowcapped

Rockies of Colorado!

Let freedom ring from the curvaceous

slopes of California!

But not only that; let freedom ring

from

Stone Mountain of Georgia!

Let freedom ring from Lookout

Mountain of Tennessee!

Let freedom ring from every hill and

molehill of Mississippi.

From every mountainside, let

freedom ring.

And when this happens, when we allow

freedom to ring, when we let it ring

from every village and every hamlet,

from every state and every city,

we will be able to speed up

that day when all of

God's children, black men and white men,

Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and

Catholics, will be able to join hands

and sing in the words of the old

Negro spiritual,

"Free at last! Free at last!

Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!"

Dr. King's "I Have A Dream" Speech

Text Courtesy, 

 

http://www.usconstitution.net/dream.html

Learn more about the life and times of

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

and his legendary

"I Have A Dream Speech"

on the following web page:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I_Have_a_Dream

Dr. King's Nobel Peace Prize

Acceptance Speech can be read

on the following web page:

http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/king-acceptance.html

THE KING CENTER

All Americans and the

Family of Humanity

Around the World can . . .

MLK The-King-Center-Imaging-Traveling-Ex

H e l p  K e e p

D r .  K i n g ' s  L e g a c y

a n d

M e s s a g e   a l i v e

T O D A Y

a s   w e l l   a s   f o r

Future Generations

b y

SUPPORTING/

DONATING

on the following web page:

 

 

 

http://thekingcenter.org/donate/

MLK Center_09a.jpg

EPACHA Foundation Extends

Sincere Thanks to

THE KING CENTER

MLK CENTER LOGO 1.jpg

AND all herein who helped by allowing the

contents of this web page to be

presented in honor and

remembrance of

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

If you’ve missed the work of EPACHA in its Phase I duration, please be encouraged to click on the below web links.

Sincerest Thanks are Extended to http://archive.org/web/ for having made possible an archived viewing of

 

EPACHA Foundation’s entire volume of its Phase I web pages: