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World Malaria Day

A p r i l   2 5 ,  2 0 2 1

Ly Kanha inspects a mosquito net at the house of Em Noun, a recovered malaria patient in Peam L’vear village in Cambodia.CREDIT: WHO/C. Liu

WHO Director-General

Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus

MUST SEE VIDEO

Video Courtesy, World Health Organization (WHO)

This year, WHO and partners will mark World Malaria Day

by celebrating the achievements of countries that are approaching – and achieving – malaria elimination. They provide inspiration

for all nations that are working to stamp out

this deadly disease and improve the

health and livelihoods of their populations.

Text Courtesy. UN World Health Organization

LEARN MORE

What is . . . Malaria?

Image Courtesy, Wikipedia - Mikael Häggström

Following Definition Courtesy, Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease of [which affects] humans and other animals caused by protists (a type of microorganism) of the genus Plasmodium. The protists first infect the liver, then act as parasites within red blood cells, causing symptoms that typically include fever and headache, in severe cases progressing to coma or death. The disease is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions in a broad band around the equator, including much of Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and the Americas.

 

Five species of Plasmodium can infect and be transmitted by humans. Severe malaria is largely caused by P. falciparum while the disease caused by P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae is generally a milder form that is rarely fatal. The zoonotic species P. knowlesi, prevalent in Southeast Asia, causes malaria in macaques but can also cause severe infections in humans. Malaria is prevalent in tropical regions because the significant amounts of rainfall, consistently high temperatures and high humidity, along with stagnant waters in which mosquito larvae readily mature, provide them with the environment they need for continuous breeding. Disease transmission can be reduced by preventing mosquito bites by distribution of mosquito nets and insect repellents, or with mosquito-control measures such as spraying insecticides and draining standing water.

The World Health Organization has estimated that in 2010, there were 216 million documented cases of malaria. Around 655,000 people died from the disease, many of whom were children under the age of five.[1] The actual number of deaths may be significantly higher, as precise statistics are unavailable in many rural areas, and many cases are undocumented. P. falciparum — responsible for the most severe form of malaria — causes the vast majority of deaths associated with the disease. Malaria is commonly associated with poverty, and can indeed be a cause of poverty and a major hindrance to economic development.

 

Despite a clear need, no vaccine offering a high level of protection currently exists. Efforts to develop one are ongoing. Several medications are available to prevent malaria in travelers to malaria-endemic countries (prophylaxis). A variety of antimalarial medications are available. Severe malaria is treated with intravenous or intramuscularquinine or, since the mid-2000s, the artemisinin derivative artesunate, which is superior to quinine in both children and adults and is given in combination with a second anti-malarial such as mefloquine. Resistance has developed to several antimalarial drugs, most notably chloroquine and artemisinin.

Learn more about Malaria on the following web page:

Learn more about Malaria on the following web page:

AIMING FOR . . . ZERO MALARIA:

Learn more about Malaria on the following web page:

WHO Regional Director for Africa

Dr. Matshidiso Moeti

MUST SEE VIDEO

Video Courtesy, World Health Organization (WHO)

Learn more on the following web page:

The Mekong Malaria Elimination

(MME) programme

MUST SEE VIDEO

Video Courtesy, World Health Organization (WHO)

Countries of the Greater Mekong subregion continue to make strides in their common goal for zero malaria by 2030.  Evidence-based approaches, cross-country collaboration and an increased emphasis on testing and treating hard-to-reach populations have contributed to a 71% reduction of cases from 2019 to 2020. This year, we shine a light on some of these countries to showcase the ongoing efforts to eliminate malaria from the subregion.

Text Courtesy. UN World Health Organization

Learn more on the following web pages:

Learn more about . . .

World Malaria Day

on the following WHO web pages:

Courtesy, WHO

The World must continue

the work toward . . .

"ZERO MALARIA!"

More than nets are needed:

an effective cure for

Humanity's victims of

Malaria is . . .

"LONG OVERDUE!"

- EPACHA Foundation -

 

 

EPACHA Foundation Extends

Sincere Thanks to

UNITED NATIONS

A n d

for allowing use of images, visuals and

print presented herein.

If you’ve missed the work of EPACHA in its Phase I duration, please be encouraged to click on the below web links.

Sincerest Thanks are Extended to http://archive.org/web/ for having made possible an archived viewing of

 

EPACHA Foundation’s entire volume of its Phase I web pages:

EPACHA Foundation - All Rights Reserved

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