Skip to main content

EPACHA: Environmental Protection Alliance and Center for Humanitarian Affairs Foundation

"REBUILDING OUR WORLD BLOCK-BY-BLOCK"

Home
At Home in the USA
Trailblazers
Helping Hands in Europe
NATO
A Global Effort
Children of The World
The Voices of Children - Part 1
The Voices of Children - Part 2
The Voices of Children - Part 3
American Red Cross
Believe in Tomorrow Children's Foundation
Bill Clinton Reunited - Ugandan Teen
Canadian Medical Assistance Teams
Cesar Chavez Day
Child Sex Predators
Clean Energy
COGIs: Work to be Done!
Crimes Against Humanity
Danny Kaye: First Ambassador to UNICEF
Earth: Our Living Planet
Education: Home & Abroad
Enough Project
Environmental Concerns
Environmental Hazards
Eradicate Poverty Day
Families of 911
9/11 10 Years Later
Food Banks: Combating Hunger
From Hunger to Hope - Christina Aguilera
George Clooney: Sudan
GiveLocally.net: LOCAL GIVING MADE EASY
GlobalGiving
1GOAL Campaign - Education for All
Goodwill Industries International
Harry Belafonte and UNICEF
Hawn Foundation
Help A Child Smile
Hollyrod Foundation
Holocaust Remembrance Day
Honor Killings: "ILLEGAL"
Hospitals for Children
Hugh Jackman - Laughing Man
Human Rights Day
Human Rights Watch
Humanitarian Agriculture
Humanitarian Crises
Humanitarian Day
Humanitarian Education
Humanitarian Healthcare
Humanitarian Heroes
Humanitarian Housing
Humanitarian Nutrition
In Honor and Memory of Soldier Lee Rigby
Indigenous Peoples
InterAction
International Day of Older Persons
International Day of Peace
International Democracy Day
International Literacy Day
International Women's Day
International Year of Forests
International Year of Youth
Jackie Chan Charitable Foundation
Keep a Child Alive - Alicia Keys
Kids Off The Block
Kofi Annan Foundation
Magic Johnson Foundation
Make-A-Wish Foundation
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Medecins Sans Frontieres
MercyCorps
Millennium Development Goals
Missing Children's Day
More Not-for-Profits and Foundations
National Geographic
Natural Disasters
Nelson Mandela: End of Apartheid Legacy!
North Korea: The Face of Tyranny in the 21st Century
Oceana: Protecting the World's Oceans
One Young World
Operation Bobbi Bear
Our Natural Environment
Oxfam International
Peace Corps
Pickens Plan
Pulitzer Center: On Crisis Reporting
ReliefWeb - [Humanitarian]
Religious Organizations
Rescue Committee
Royal Wedding - William and Kate
Save the Children
ShelterBox - [Humanitarian]
Sports of All Sorts
Stand Up 2 Cancer
Summer Olympics 2012
Support Same Sky
The Last Word & UNICEF
Too Young to Wed: Child Brides
Transatlantic Slavery
"True" Soldiers
UN Association of the United States of America
UN Creative Community Outreach Initiative
UN General Assembly
UN Intl Yr of Sustainable Energy - 2012
UN OCHA - Humanitarian Affairs
UN Peacekeepers - Thank a UN Peacekeeper
UN WHO - World Health Organization
UN World Environment Day
UN World Poetry Day
UN Year in Review
UNICEF: United Nations Children's Fund
United Nations Day
United Nations Foundation
Valentine's Day: One Billion Rising!
Values.com: The Foundation for a Better Life
WaterKeeper Alliance
Wikipedia - 10 Year Anniversary
Wildlife
World AIDS Day
World Day Against Child Labor
World Economic Forum
World Food Day
World Habitat Day
World Malaria Day
World Refugee Day
World Teachers' Day
World Television Day
World Water Day
YMCA Strong Kids
Site Map Portals: Welcome-USA-Global
Site Map Portals: A-G
Site Map Portals: H
Site Map Portals: I - M
Site Map Portals: N - R
Site Map Portals: S - Z
Site Map - List of EPACHA's Web Pages
Bios
Contact Us
Contribute
 __________________________________________________________________________________________________________
-
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
-
-
I-N-F-R-A-S-T-R-U-C-T-U-R-E
&
E N V I R O N M E N T
-
What Are The Adversities and Implications
of
Failing Infrastructures Around The World?
-
 
-
-
____________________________________________________________________________________________
-
____________________________________________________________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
How often is "Infrastructure"
-
taken for granted,
-
convenience and enjoyment?
-
-

Industrial revolutions - the world over - brought forth an entirely different way of life for advancing societies. Since the advent of modern-day innovations and technologies that accompanied development with an onrush and surge of new ideas and societal improvements - for the sake of enjoying conveniences not known before - not much serious thought has been given to the required maintenance of those revolutionary industrial revolutionary treasures - technically known as 'INFRASTRUCTURE!"

 

Long before modern-day industrial revolutions took place, the age of antiquity was also forward thinking in terms of laying foundations which afforded conveniences never enjoyed before; albeit with known designs, technologies and building techniques of the age.

 

The relics of history which tell of ages past should have been a stark reminder for us today. Ancient infrastructures - no matter how wondrous they were thought to be - also decayed over time. And some of the most treasured infrastructures of long ago are now no more than mere spectacles for sightseers and archeologists.

 

Even in our own time, we ourselves are witnessing crumbling infrastructure everywhere on Earth - with not much societal interest geared up [or allocated] for infrastructure maintenance and improvements.

 

Certainly, it is safe to say as history itself has taught us: infrastructure cannot be enjoyed forever without good stewardship, maintenance and a desire to gain further training and knowledge for prudent improvements that afford safety for all, including the protection of our environment.

 

Gone are those engineering geniuses who designed and paved the roads, built the bridges, burrowed the tunnels and connected those much-need electrical grids. Without a doubt, it was their hard labor that gave birth to what we now call today, the modern advanced world. A world which has never slowed paced enough to prudently reflect on the responsibilities inextricably associated with "infrastructure maintenance & improvements" as time marched on.

 

Can we honestly say that we have honored the work of those past geniuses? Have we truly cared for their hard labor, sweat and tears? If so, surely our genuine appreciation would been seen today in how their foundations were cared for [and/or] improved upon.

Instead, what we see on the onset of the 21st Century can be likened unto an "infrastructure horror story."

 

High-risk structures embedded deep within - and entwined throughout societies all over the world has now become one of our environment's most hazardous detriments which threaten the healthiness of Earth as well as the safety and health of world-wide populations including animals, birds and marine life.

 

Without concentrated and stepped-up efforts to train and educate our upcoming youth in the profession of civil engineering, the world itself might face unprecedented consequences which can result in complete infrastructure failure.

 

And with the wide spectrum of advanced knowledge, far advanced technologies, newly discovered materials and innovative creativity now available through a massive network of ideas and suggestions, there is no excuse for infrastructure neglect which has already proven to pose tremendous threats to our environment and humanity as a whole.

 

Infrastructure planning, design, maintenance and applicable construction guidelines and regulations must now take precedence in order to avoid impending infrastructure disasters waiting to happen.

 

EPACHA Foundation will concentrate its environmental efforts in terms of infrastructure maintenance, improvements and safety regulations - relative to the prevention of hazardous infrastructure threats - which impose harm to communities the world over.

The Foundation [EPACHA] will especially focus its educational goals on the training and education of students entering the discipline that deals with all facets of civil engineering.

 

Please take time to read through EPACHA's presentation on "Infrastructure & Environment:  "the environmental dangers presented herein should be an eye opener to all who work toward the future for a cleaner, greener, safer and well-maintained natural and physically built environment.

-

-

__________________________________________________________________________
-
__________________________________________________________________________
-
-
[See below]:
-
-
__________________________________________________________________________
-
__________________________________________________________________________
-
-
WHAT IS INFRASTRUCTURE?
-
Infrastructure & Civil Engineering
-
-
__________________________________________________________________________
-
__________________________________________________________________________
-
-
WHAT EXPERTS HAVE TO SAY
-
-
__________________________________________________________________________
-
__________________________________________________________________________
-
-
A Closer Look at INFRASTRUCTURE:
-
Adverse Impact
-
on ENVIRONMENT
-
-
__________________________________________________________________________
-
__________________________________________________________________________
-
-

THE FUTURE AWAITS:

-
[Constructing for the Future]
-
S a f e r
-
C l e a n e r
-
Energy Efficient
-
L o n g e r  L a s t i n g
-
ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY
-

I N F R A S T R U C T U R E S !

-
-
-
-
-
-
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
-
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
WHAT IS INFRASTRUCTURE?
-
-
-
Image Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons - Author, Fergus Cloughley
-
-
  Definition Retrieved from Wikipedia
-
-
-

Infrastructure is the basic physical and organizational structures needed for the operation of a society or

enterprise,[1] or the services and facilities

necessary for an economy to function.[2] The

term typically refers to the technical

structures that support a society,

such as roads, water supply,

sewers, power grids, telecommunications,

and so forth. Viewed functionally, infrastructure

facilitates  the  production  of  goods  and  services;

for example, roads enable the transport of raw materials

to  a  factory,  and  also  for the  distribution  of  finished

products  to markets.  In some contexts, the  term may also include basic social services such as schools and hospitals.[3]

In military parlance, the term refers to the buildings and permanent  installations  necessary for  the  support, redeployment, and operation of military forces.[4]

In  this article, infrastructure  will  be  used

[on this webpage [for] EPACHA Foundation,

in the sense of technical structures or

physical  networks  that  support

society, unless specified otherwise.

-

-

History of the term

-

" I N F R A S T R U C T U R E "

-

The term came to prominence in the United States

in the 1980s following the publication of America in Ruins (Choate and Walter, 1981)[1] , which initiated a public-policy discussion of the nation’s "infrastructure crisis", purported to be caused  by  decades  of  inadequate  investment  and  poor maintenance of public works. That public-policy discussion was hampered by lack of a precise definition for infra-structure. A U.S. National Research Councilpanel

sought to clarify the situation by adopting the

term "public works infrastructure", referring to:

-

" . . . b o t h   s p e c i f i c   f u n c t i o n a l   m o d e s -

highways,   streets,   roads,  and  bridges;   mass transit;

airportsand airways; water supply and water resources;

wastewater management; solid-waste treatment

and disposal; electric power generation and

transmission; telecommunications; and

hazardous waste management - and

the combined system these modal

elements comprise. A comprehension of infrastructure

spans  not  only these public works facilities,  but  also

the operating procedures, management practices, and development policies that interact together with

societal  demand  and  the  physical  world

to facilitate the transport of people and

goods, provision of water for drinking

and  a  variety  of  other  uses,

safe disposal of society's waste products,

provision of energy where it is needed, and transmission

of information within and between communities."[7]

-

-

-

Courtesy, Wikipedia
-
Learn more about Civil Engineering at the following webssite:
-

-

-

-

-

-

-
-
-
-
-
-
I n f r a s t r u c t u r e
&
Civil Engineering
-
-
-
-
-
US Army Surveyor at work with a leveling instrument.
-
 Definition Retrieved from Wikipedia
-
-
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals
with the design, construction and maintenance of the physical
and naturally built environment, including works such as
Civil engineering is the oldest engineering
discipline after military engineering,[4]
and it was defined to distinguish
non-military engineering from
military engineering.[5]
-
It is traditionally broken into several sub-disciplines including
and construction engineering.[6]Civil engineering
takes place on all levels: in the public sector from
municipal through to federal levels, and in the
private sector from individual homeowners
through to international companies
-
-
-
-
Courtesy, Wikipedia
-
-
Learn more about Civil Engineering at the following website:
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
_____________________________________________________________________________
-
_____________________________________________________________________________
--
-
-
-
I N F R A S T R U C T U R E
-

-

-

-

Corrosion and Infrastructure: 

-

Extreme Dangers!

-

-

The I-35W Mississippi River Bridge

-

collapsing on August 1, 2007

-

Thirteen Fatalities - Many Injuries

-

-

Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons
-
-
-
Footage from one of three security cameras the
-
Army Corps of Engineers placed alongside
-
the Mississippi River in Minneapolis, U.S.
-
It was the only one to capture an image of the bridge collapse.
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
What Experts Have To Say...
-
-
Video Courtesy, The History Channel - Uploaded by, takushselratch
-
-
-
-
Check local listings for The History Channel's four-hour
-
presentation on Infrastructure in America
-
at the following website:
-
-
-
-
For The History Channel's DVD on Infrastructure
-
click on the following weblink:
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
--
-
-
 
-
 Video on Infrastructure
-
-
Video Courtesy, CBS - American Scoiety of Civil Engineers
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Brent Spence Bridge - USA
-
A Dangerous Infrastructure
-
In Need of Repair!
-
-
Video Courtesy, wcpo - www.wcpo.com
-
-
Important Note: "The Brent Spence Bridge is one of the
15 major interstate bridges the federal government has
labeled "functionally obsolete"[2] and unsafe.[1]
Motorists are five times more likely
to have an accident on the bridge
than on other interstate
roadways in Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana.[3]
The American highway Users Alliance ranks it as one
of the 24 worst highway bottlenecks in the United States.[1]"
-
-
Above Definition Quote Courtesy,
-
Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia
-
-
-
-
-
-
Whether in the U.S. or Russia
-

Bridge Safety Around the World

-

Is A Must!

-
-
Courtesy, www.RT.com
-
-
-
-
-

R e m i n d e r . . .

-

I N F R A S T R U C T U R E :

-

Everyone's Responsibility!

-

--
Courtesy,
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
-
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A CLOSER LOOK AT
-
INFRASTRUCTURE:
-
-
Adverse Impact on
-
E N V I R O N M E N T
-
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons
-
Damage to a road caused by flood water. The road collapsed around a drainage pipe
which ran under the road. Stockton, MN - Aug 23, 2007
-
-
-
_________________________________________________________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
-
What Does "Infrastructure"
-
Have to do With Our
-
Environment? 
-
-

The question may be asked, "What does "infrastructure" have to do with our Environment?"

The answer is simple,"practically everything!"

 

When we see bridges crumbling before our eyes - actually collapsing - due to poor construction [and/or] neglected maintenance, our own personal foundations began to shake with concern.

 

When huge water mains [principal pipes in a system for conveying water; including drinking water] burst unexpectedly due to aging and rust with many decades of decay and neglect . . . we begin to wonder about the rusting residues we ourselves have already consumed over many years.

 

When we witness - even now in the 21st Century - hazardous waste dumped into our rivers and bodies of water, can we continue to brush aside the obvious? That is to say, the obvious source of such pollutive interaction with our environment. Hardly can any today ignore the fact that waste mismanagement is yet a culpable source of detriment to our environment!

 

Toxicants and pollution are everywhere! Harmful substances are in our food, the water we consume, in ponds and lakes we once treasured as ideal swimming spots for recreation and fishing - are only a few areas of concern on the long list of contaminative invasions which have spoiled our environment.

 

And to make matters worse, the utter neglect of "infrastructures" [around the world] in dire need of replacement / repairs does not help pave a smoother, safer and more environmentally friendlier road into the future.

 

All over the world, infrastructure decay continues to pollute at alarming rates all that humanity depends on for a clean and healthy life on Earth.

 

Industries the world over have led the way in every area of technological advancements which has positively moved societies forward at a rate never before witnessed throughout recent history.

 

But at the same time, this seemingly unstoppable pace of progress has outpaced itself. Both manufacturers and end users alike have become excited and mesmerized by the wonders of industrialized technologies which produce products and services which continue to fascinate. Producers and consumers pulsate with vigor toward achieving more knowledge, innovation and the production of unheard of conveniences never before imagined.

 

Unfortunately, throughout advanced - and even now in developing countries - "infrastructure" is yet taken for granted. Instead of paying serious attention to the foundations of that that really holds societies together, more focus is on when the next 'ipod', 'iphone' or gadget of the same technological genre will become available for sale.

 

Quite the contrary the real excitement, fascination and anticipation for societies the world over - whether advanced or in stages of growth toward sustainability should be concerns about "INFRASTRUCTURE!"

 

Please take time to view EPACHAFoundation's presentation [see below] on "infrastructure."

 

Oftentimes, images can more vividly convey what words cannot begin to describe in full detail.

 

The following presentation may encourage societies and communities around the world to think more seriously concerning the importance of well-constructed, well-maintained, safe, environmentally friendly and durable "INFRASTRUCTURES."

-

 
-

-

A Closer Look at INFRASTRUCTURE:

-

Adverse Impact on ENVIRONMENT

-

[ C O N T I N U E D ]

--

-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons - Photo by Bob McMillan/ FEMA Photo Library-
-
Inspection of flood damage to local infrastructure. Hondo, TX, - Jully 24, 2007
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons - Photo by Win Henderson/ FEMA News Photo
-
Twisted girders are all that remain of Cordell's maintenance facility garage,
destroyed by the F4 tornadoes that severely
impacted the city's infrastructure on October 9 - Cordell, OK
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
Read full story by Richard Oswald at:
-
Missouri's [U.S.] overdue for infrastructure repairs.
-
-
______________________________________________
 
-
-
-
-

UCI oversees all phases of the construction of the 5800' long Mangrove

Lagoon Ocean Outfall Pipeline in the United States Virgin Islands.

-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-

UCI's inspection diver checks the torque of a repair clamp after the installation

contractor damaged this section of pipe while

constructing the Mangrove Lagoon Ocean Outfall Pipeline.

-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-

UCI's inspection diver checks the torque on the flange bolts of the

Mangrove Lagoon Ocean Outfall Pipeline.

-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-

Our inspectors monitor topside as well as underwater activity on a marine

construction project. Note the Hydro-Pull in place at the end of this length of pipe.

-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-

Our inspector observes the safety inspection of a crane. Note the 14 cu./yd.

digging bucket used for trenching on the Lake Erie project

-
-
 
-
-
________________________________________________________________
-
________________________________________________________-
-
-
-
What Happens When
-
Levees Break?
-
-
Wide-Spread Flooding, Environmental
-
Hazards,
-
Loss of Life & Human Devastation
-
-
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons
-
Hurricane Katrina - Broken Levees - August 2005
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
Hurricane Katrina - Broken Levees - August 2005
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
ANOTHER LESSON ON "LEVEES"
-
P o o r l y   C o n s t r u c t e d
-
L E V E E S . . .
-
B r e a k a g e s   &   O v e r f l o w s :
-
THE WATERS KEEP COMING!
-
-
Portage Wisconsin:
120 year old Levee Fails Causing Problems
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
More serious flooding, now in central Wisconsin
-
9/27/2010
-
-
-
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
B R O K E N   L E V E E S :
-
P A K I S T A N
-
Wide-Spread Flood Devastation 2010
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons - Photo by U.S. Marine Corps Capt. Paul Duncan
-
A Marine Corps Super Stallion helicopter from VMM-266 (REIN), 26th Marine
Expeditionary Unit, flies in route to deliver relief supplies during humanitarian
assistance operations in the southern province of Sindh, Pakistan.
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons - Photo by Horace Murray, U.S. Army
-
Damaged bridge from flooding in Pakistan - August 2010
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons - Photo by Sgt. Monica K. Smith, U.S. Army
-
An aerial view showing flood waters have washed away all ground means to
reach the people stranded in the
northern areas of the Swat Valley, Pakistan - August 27, 2010

-

-

-

-

-

________________________________________________________
-
________________________________________________________________

-

-

-

-

Water Storage Receptacles:
-
R u s t   a n d   D e c a y !
IO-H
U n d r i n k a b l e   W a t e rIOH
-
D a y - b y - D a y !
-
-

Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons - Author, http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/129631

-

Water Storage Tank above Weir, Rossendale - Lancashire, England

-

February 28, 2006

-

-

-

______________________________________________

-

-

-

--

Does Your Area Have

-

Safe Sewage and

-

Water Treatment?

-

-

-

Marine Consultants Providing Underwater Construction Inspection.

-
-
-
-
-
________________________________________________________________
-
________________________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
-

A UCI diver prepares for an inspection dive during construction of the Erie Sewer

Authority's new 90" PCCP outfall pipeline.

This 7800' long pipeline transports treated wastewater into Lake Erie.

-
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
Mangroove Lagoon and Benner Bay Area of
-
Particular Concern -
-
Management Plan can be read at the following website:
-
-
-

UCI diver returns from an inspection dive on the Mangrove Lagoon Ocean

Outfall Pipeline, offshore of St. Thomas, USVI.

-
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
Courtesy. Wikimedis Commons
-
GDE [Gungahlin Drive Extension] Bridge in Canberra, Australia
-
on August 14, 2010
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons - Author, vi:user:LuLu Ly
-
Pieces of Cần Thơ Bridge remaining after its collapse on October 4, 2007,
ten days after the accident.
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
Courtesy,
-
A 600 ft section of bridge collapsed in Zhuzhou, China, [May 17, 2010] crushing 24
vehicles and killing nine. The condemned bridge remained standing after
unsuccessful explosive demolition and traffic continued underneath.
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-

Collapsed I-35W Mississippi River Bridge in Minneapolis, MN - U.S.

Thirteen people were killed, dozens injured.

August 1, 2007

-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons - Photo by Tom Jeffs
-
A HDR image of the tunnels at Farnworth Station, from the platform. Farnsworht is a town
within the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England.
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-

[Photo above and below]  All  around  central  Helsinki  there  used to be a

railroad track by means of which cargo trains could directly access all the

important industrial sites around the city’s southern shore. The

western part of that track leading from the main Helsinki

railway to the western harbour is still in use but the rest

has either completely vanished or is undergoing a slow decay.

-

-

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
-
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
-
-
-
THE FUTURE IS HERE:
-
[Constructing for the Future]
-
-
S a f e r
-
C l e a n e r
-
Energy Efficient
-
L o n g e r  L a s t i n g
-
ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY
-
I N F R A S T R U C T U R E S !
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons - Photo by Bill Ebbesen
-

Picture from the tunnel between Rigshospitalet (National Hospital) in

Copenhagen and Amagerværket (Amager Powerplant) in Amager.

The tunnel transfers heated water and steam for the city.

-

-

______________________________________________

-

-
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons
-
The view of the tunnels along the North East Line, as the train is heading northwards
-
towards Punggol Terminal - NE Region of Singapore
-
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons - Photo by Jacob Davies from Oakland, CA
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
Gigantic water tank 177 meters (580 feet) long and 22.4 meters (73 feet) high to keep
water rather than dump it to Edogawa River. 78 high powered pumps can
pump up 200 tons of water per second.
-
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
Five silos 65 meters (213 feet) high and 32 meters (104 feet) in diameter are
-
completing this futuristic construction.
-
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
Arthur Ravenel, Jr. Bridge
-
[Cooper River-Grace Memorial Bridge]
-
C h a r l e s t o n , S C - U. S. A.
-
-
-
[Photos above, center and below]
-
-
Opened to traffic on July 16, 2005
-
-
US Air Force (USAF) C-17 Globemaster III Cargo Aircraft, assigned to
the 437th Airlift Wing (AW) and the 315th AW, fly over the
Arthur Ravenel Bridge, in Charleston South Carolina (SC), as part of the largest
formation of aircraft deployed from a single base to celebridge the bridge opening
-
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons
-
High Five Interchange project began in 2002 and was completed in
-
December 2005, Dallas, TX - U.S.
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons
-
Polish Expressway - April 17, 2007
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons
-

This is a photo showing an interchange in Dubai, United Arab Emirates as seen from the air

on 1 May 2007. This interchange is where Al Quta'eyat Road and Zabeel Road meet

adjacent to Zabeel Park (on the left in the picture) next to the neighborhoods of Zabeel

(at the bottom), Karama (in the upper left), and Oud Metha (in the upper right).

-
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
British Levees for holding back the waters from flooding London
-
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
Luas Tram in Dublin, Ireland
-
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons - Author, Sunil060902
-
Ebbsfleet International Railway Station in Ebbsfleet Valley, in the Borough of Dartford, Kent,
10 miles outside the eastern boundary of Greater London, England - September 1, 2009
-
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons - Author, Sunil060902
-
Class 395 "Javelin" unit 395008 at Ebbsfleet International Railway Station
September 1, 2009
-
-
______________________________________________
-
-
-
-
Courtesy, Wikimedia Commons - Photo by Greg O'Beirne
-
Deutsche Bahn InterCityExpress train at Stuttgart Hauptbahnhof - September 20, 2005
-
-
-
-
-
________________________________________________________
-
________________________________________________________________
-
-
-
-
With natural erosion
-
due to weather and time
-
and decay due to outdated
-
materials, techniques and
-
technologies,
-
a careful assessment
-
would certainly conclude
-
that there is an
-
extensive amount of
-
-
"infrastructure"
-
-
work to be done . . .
-
-
globally!
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
________________________________________________________________
-
________________________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
EPACHA Foundation
-
Proudly Supports
-
-
 
-
Learn more about
-
Infrastructure & Civil Engineering
-
at the
-
following ASCE websites:
-

Civil Engineering

-

Body of Knowledge for the 21st Century

-

Preparing the Civil Engineer

-

for the Future

-

-

http://www.asce.org/uploadedFiles/Leadership_Training_-_New/BOK2E_%28ASCE_2008%29_ebook.pdf

-
-
-
-
Courtesy, ASCE
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
EPACHA Foundation
-
Proudly Supports
--
-
-
-
Learn more about
-
Institution of Civil Engineers
-
at the following websites:
-
-
-
-
-
__________________________________________
-
-
For students & young learners and
-
teacher information and resources,
-
learn more and

-

how you can get involved . . .
-

-
Click on the following weblink:
-

-

-

-

Courtesy,

-

--

-

--

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
-
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
-
An Unavoidable Question of
-
the Future . . .

-

-

D o e s   T h e   W o r l d   H a v e

-

a   V i a b l e . . .

-

-

"Infrastructure Plan?"

-

-

-

-

The Future Demands

-

One!

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
-
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

EPACHA FOUNDATION

-

"REBUILDING OUR WORLD BLOCK-BY-BLOCK"

-
-

-

-

Click on following link for complete list of EPACHA’s web pages:

http://www.epacha.org/Pages/Site_Map_List_of_EPACHAs_Web_Pages.aspx

-

-
-

.

.. . . or, Enter Search Here-

-

-

-

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
-
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
-
-
-
-
9/17/2010
-
Webpage Updated 3/10/2013
 -
 -
-
 -